State legislators in 2021 enacted over 50 legal guidelines liberalizing marijuana insurance policies in additional than 25 states, in response to a report issued at present by the National Organization of the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML).

“State lawmakers took unprecedented steps this year to repeal marijuana prohibition laws and to provide relief to those millions of Americans who have suffered as a result of them,” NORML’s Deputy Director Paul Armentano stated.

Specifically, legislatures in 5 states — Connecticut, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, and Virginia — enacted legal guidelines legalizing adult-use marijuana possession and regulating retail hashish markets. These legislative victories mark a big change from previous years, when related legal guidelines have been primarily enacted through residents’ initiatives, not by legislative motion. In whole, 18 states — comprising practically one-half of the US inhabitants — now have legal guidelines on the books regulating grownup use marijuana manufacturing and retail gross sales.

Many states additionally took actions facilitating the expungement or sealing of previous marijuana convictions. Over the previous a number of months, state officers have vacated an estimated 2.2 million marijuana convictions.

Numerous states in 2021 additionally enacted laws increasing medical hashish entry and stimulating larger variety amongst licensed marijuana companies.

“As we approach the 2022 legislative session and the elections next November, it is important for lawmakers of all political persuasions to recognize that advocating for marijuana policy reforms is a political opportunity, not a political liability,” NORML’s Paul Armentano stated. “These policies are popular among voters, regardless of political party.”

2021 was a big yr for marijuana coverage reform. Among probably the most vital developments, legislatures in 5 states enacted legal guidelines legalizing adult-use marijuana possession and regulating retail hashish markets. This marks a change from previous years, when related legal guidelines have been primarily enacted through residents’ initiatives, not by legislative motion. In whole, 18 states — comprising practically one-half of the US inhabitants — now have legal guidelines on the books regulating adult-use marijuana manufacturing and retail gross sales.

Many states additionally took actions facilitating the expungement or sealing of previous marijuana convictions. Such provisions at the moment are typically half and parcel of any adult-use legalization legislation. In all, state officers have vacated over 2.2 million marijuana convictions in current months.

With respect to medical hashish insurance policies, quite a few legislatures took steps in 2021 to increase sufferers’ entry to marijuana merchandise. These actions included increasing the pool of sufferers eligible for medical hashish, increasing the variety of licensed suppliers, and easing pathways for sufferers to acquire a medical marijuana suggestion. Currently, 36 states regulate medical hashish distribution to qualifying sufferers.

These legislative actions mirror the fact that almost all of the general public helps significant marijuana reforms. According to current polling data, practically seven in ten Americans, together with majorities of all main subgroups by gender, age, revenue and schooling, and including majorities of Democrats, Independents, and Republicans, imagine that the usage of marijuana needs to be made authorized. Only eight percent of adults nonetheless favor its continued criminalization.

Public and political assist for these legislative adjustments in marijuana legal guidelines will proceed rising in 2022 and past. As we sit up for subsequent yr’s legislative session, we count on to see lawmakers advance with most of the identical points in different states, and we additionally count on voters in a number of jurisdictions to determine on citizen-initiated poll measures subsequent November. As at all times, NORML can be monitoring the progress of those legislative efforts and offering alerts and standing updates.

ADULT USE LEGALIZATION


Connecticut

Senate Bill 1201: Under the legislation, adults ages 21 and older might legally possess as much as 1.5 ounces of hashish flowers or an equal quantity of hashish concentrates in public, and as much as 5 ounces of marijuana of their personal residences. Those with previous felony data for actions involving as much as 4 ounces of hashish can have their convictions robotically reviewed and expunged. Those with convictions for extra critical offenses might petition the courts to take motion. The legislation took impact on July 1, 2021. Read more

New Jersey

Assembly Bill 21/Senate Bill 21: The invoice licenses the business manufacturing and adult-use retail sale of hashish. Under the brand new legislation, these ages 21 and older might legally buy and possess as much as one ounce of hashish. Retail gross sales are topic to state gross sales tax. Seventy % of the income derived from gross sales taxes can be directed towards reinvestment in designated, lower-income communities.

Governor Phil Murphy additionally signed A1897, which removes felony and civil penalties for the personal possession of as much as six ounces of hashish by adults, in addition to for the possession of private use quantities of cannabis (as much as 170 grams). It additionally depenalizes actions involving the switch of as much as one ounce of hashish, and reduces felony penalties for actions involving bigger portions (distribution of a couple of ounce, however lower than 5 kilos) of the substance. Both legal guidelines took impact on February 22, 2021. Read more

New Mexico

House Bill 2: This laws permits these ages 21 and older to legally buy as much as two ounces of marijuana and/or as much as 16 grams of hashish extracts from licensed retailers. It additionally permits adults to home-cultivate as much as six mature crops for their very own private use. The legislation took impact on June 29, 2021. Read more

New York

Senate Bill S854A: The Marijuana Regulation and Taxation Act (MRTA) legalizes and regulates an adult-use business marijuana market in New York State, and likewise permits these over the age of 21 to domesticate personal-use portions of hashish in their very own properties. The invoice additionally facilitates a course of for the automated assessment and expungement of earlier marijuana convictions. The legislation took impact on March 31, 2021. Read more

Virginia

House Bill 2312/Senate Bill 1406: This laws legalizes the non-public possession (as much as one ounce) and residential cultivation (as much as 4 crops) of marijuana by these ages 21 and older and establishes a timeframe for regulators to determine licensed retail hashish manufacturing and gross sales. The private use provisions took impact on July 1, 2021. The retail provisions are set to take impact on January 1, 2024, however this deadline could possibly be expedited by lawmakers. Read more

back to navigationDECRIMINALIZATION


Louisiana

House Bill 652: The enactment of this laws lowered the penalty for the possession of as much as 14 grams of marijuana for first-time in addition to subsequent offenses to a $100 nice solely. While there isn’t any risk of jail time beneath the invoice, these offenses stay labeled as misdemeanors. The legislation took impact August 1, 2021. Read more

back to navigationEXPUNGEMENT


Colorado

House Bill 1090: State legislation beforehand permitted adults to legally possess as much as one ounce of both marijuana flowers or concentrates for leisure functions with out penalty. By distinction, possessing between one and two ounces of hashish was labeled as a petty offense, punishable by a civil penalty of $100. House Bill 1090 eradicated these civil penalties. The measure additionally makes it simpler for these with previous marijuana convictions to petition the courts to have their data sealed. The legislation took impact on May 20, 2021. Read more

Delaware

Senate Bill 112: The invoice expands these eligible to petition the courts for expungement to incorporate sure juveniles with previous marijuana convictions. The legislation took impact on November 8, 2021.

New Mexico

Senate Bill 2: This laws facilitates an automated assessment and expungement course of for these with low-level marijuana convictions. The legislation took impact on June 29, 2021. Read more

Virginia

House Bill 2113: This laws established an automated course of for reviewing and sealing data particular to sure, low-level hashish offenses.The legislation took impact on April 7, 2021. Read more

back to navigationMEDICAL MARIJUANA ACCESS


Alabama

Senate Bill 46: The laws establishes a medical hashish entry program that allows registered sufferers to own as much as “70 daily dosages” of medical marijuana at one time, with every dose at a most of 50 milligrams. Patients should get hold of hashish from a licensed dispensary. Patients aren’t allowed to entry hashish flower materials or cannabis-infused edible merchandise. Rather, medical hashish formulations have to be within the type of: “tablets, capsules, tinctures, or gel cubes for oral use; gels, oils or creams for topical use, or suppositories, transdermal patches, nebulizers, or liquids or oils for use in an inhaler.” The legislation took impact on May 17, 2021. Read more

back to navigationMEDICAL MARIJUANA EXPANSIONS


Arkansas

Senate Bill 703: This laws amends the Telemedicine Act to permit telehealth certification for medical marijuana sufferers. The legislation will take impact in January 2022.

Arkansas

Senate Bill 654: This invoice extends the time frame (to 90 days) {that a} affected person visiting from one other state might legally entry medical hashish in Arkansas. The legislation will take impact in January 2022.

California

Senate Bill 311: This laws offers for “a terminally ill patient’s use of medicinal cannabis within [a] health care facility.” The proposal prohibits sufferers from both inhaling or vaping natural hashish merchandise, and restricts the usage of any types of hashish in emergency rooms. The legislation will take impact on January 1, 2022. Read more

Colorado

Senate Bill 56: The new legislation requires faculty boards to implement insurance policies permitting for the storage, possession, and administration of cannabis-based medicines by faculty personnel. It additionally permits faculty personnel to volunteer to own, administer, or help in administration of cannabis-based medicines and protects those that do from retaliation. The legislation took impact on May 6, 2021. Read more

Delaware

Senate Bill 60: This laws expands the pool of well being professionals that may subject medical hashish authorizations to incorporate physicians assistants and nurse practitioners. The legislation took impact on June 15, 2021. Read more

District of Columbia

PR24-0456: This laws offers a grace interval throughout which registered sufferers might proceed to entry medical hashish with out renewing their authorizations to take action. The new legislation took impact upon signing.

Georgia

Senate Bill 195: The invoice permits the institution of as much as 30 state-licensed retailers of high-CBD/low-THC oil merchandise to certified sufferers. The legislation took impact July 1, 2021. Read more

Louisiana

House Bill 391: This laws expands the pool of licensed medical hashish merchandise to incorporate “raw or crude” hashish for the aim of “inhalation.” Registered medical hashish sufferers will have the ability to buy as much as two and a half ounces of medical hashish flower per 14-day interval from licensed suppliers. The legislation will take impact on January 1, 2022. Read more

Minnesota

House File 2128: This laws expands the pool of licensed medical hashish merchandise to incorporate hashish flowers. It additionally permits sufferers to acquire medical hashish through curbside pickup, and will increase the variety of sufferers a single caregiver might serve from one to 6. The measure was signed into legislation on May 25, 2021. Read more

New Hampshire

House Bill 89: This laws expanded the pool of qualifying circumstances for medical hashish to incorporate average to extreme insomnia and autism spectrum dysfunction. It took impact June 24, 2021. Read more

New Hampshire

House Bill 605: This laws expanded the pool of qualifying circumstances for medical hashish to incorporate opioid use dysfunction. It additionally permits out-of-state residents certified in different jurisdictions to buy hashish in New Hampshire. The legislation took impact on October 9, 2021. Read more

New Jersey

Senate Bill 619: The new legislation permits healthcare practitioners to authorize any qualifying affected person for the medical use of hashish through a telehealth go to. It took impact on June 24, 2021.

North Dakota

House Bill 1359: This laws expands the entire variety of caregivers who might present providers to a certified medical hashish affected person and eliminates the accompanying $50 utility charge. The legislation took impact on August 1, 2021.

Oregon

Senate Bill 307: The laws waives utility charges for sure veterans in search of authorization within the state’s medical hashish entry program. The new legislation will take impact January 1, 2022.

Pennsylvania

House Bill 1024: This laws expanded the portions of hashish that licensed sufferers might possess over a 90-day interval.  The legislation additionally expanded the pool of eligible circumstances to incorporate most cancers remission remedy and CNS-related neuropathy, whereas additionally eliminating provisions that beforehand required persistent ache sufferers to strive typical prescription ache drugs previous to utilizing hashish, amongst different adjustments. The legislation took impact on June 30, 2021. Read more

Texas

House Bill 1535: This laws expanded the Texas Compassionate Use Program (TCUP) by permitting sufferers with PTSD and all types of most cancers to qualify to entry low-THC hashish merchandise. The measure additionally raises the cap on legally regulated THC merchandise from 0.5 to 1 %. The new legislation took impact September 1, 2021. Read more

Utah

Senate Bill 170: This laws expanded the pool of medical professionals who can advocate medical hashish to qualifying sufferers, and permits sufferers to entry their medication whereas their utility remains to be being reviewed. The legislation took impact on March 17, 2021.

Utah

Senate Bill 192: This laws licensed the Department of Health to subject extra medical hashish pharmacy licenses. The legislation took impact on March 17, 2021. Read more

Virginia

House Bill 2218/Senate Bill 1333: This laws amended the state’s medical hashish entry legislation to permit for the manufacturing and meting out of botanical, whole-plant medical hashish merchandise. The legislation took impact July 1, 2021. Read more

Virginia

House Bill 1988: This laws permits sufferers in hospice and in different residential amenities to entry sure medical hashish merchandise. It additionally permits sufferers to acquire medical hashish authorizations through telehealth appointments. The legislation took impact on July 1, 2021. Read more

Virginia

House Bill 1862: This laws prohibits employers from discharging, disciplining, or in any other case discriminating in opposition to workers for his or her lawful use of medical hashish whereas away from the job. The new legislation took impact July 1, 2021. Read more

back to navigationDRIVING/DUI


Indiana

Senate Bill 201: The laws amended the state’s site visitors security legal guidelines by offering an affirmative protection for these motorists who check optimistic for the presence of both THC or its metabolite, however who aren’t chargeable for a site visitors accident and who present no proof of intoxication. The legislation took impact on July 1, 2021. Read more

Nevada

Assembly Bill 400: This laws amended the state’s site visitors security statutes in order that the operation of a motorcar with hint quantities of both THC or its metabolite is now not a per se violation of legislation in sure circumstances. The legislation took impact October 1, 2022. Read more

back to navigationEQUITY


Colorado

Senate Bill 111: This laws establishes a program throughout the state’s Office of Economic Development and International Trade to supply monetary and technical assist to hashish companies operated by these holding social fairness licenses. An preliminary infusion of $Four million in funding is designated to this system for use as both grants or loans to new companies.  The legislation took impact upon passage. Read more

Illinois

House Bill 1443: This laws seeks to extend variety throughout the state’s marijuana trade by offering for over 100 extra marijuana dispensary licenses to be awarded to certified social fairness candidates through lotteries. The legislation took impact on July 15, 2021.

Michigan

House Bill 4295: this laws permits these with earlier felony and misdemeanor marijuana convictions to use for licensing to take part within the state-licensed medical marijuana trade. The legislation was signed on November 4, 2021. Read more

Vermont

Senate Bill 25: This laws appropriates $500,000 from the General Fund to determine a ‘Cannabis Business Development Fund.’ The Fund is designated to supply “financial assistance, loans, grants, and outreach to social equity applicants” who’re in search of to function state-licensed marijuana amenities. The invoice took impact on March 1, 2022. Read more

Washington

Rule CR-103P: These new rules increase the pool of candidates eligible to obtain licensure to take part within the state’s authorized marijuana trade. Under the brand new coverage, these with both felony felony data or a number of misdemeanors are now not ineligible from consideration for licensure. The rules took impact on October 2, 2021. Read more

Washington

House Bill 1443: The laws seeks to extend the pool of assets obtainable for these with previous marijuana convictions who’re in search of to use to take part in state-licensed cannabis-related enterprise. The legislation took impact on July 25, 2021. Read more

back to navigationJUVENILES


Delaware

House Bill 241: The laws permits legislation enforcement to refer juvenile marijuana offenders to counseling, therapy, or different acceptable intervention providers in lieu of a financial nice. The legislation took impact on September 17, 2021. Read more

Montana

House Bill 517: This laws lowered the penalty for these beneath 21 caught possessing any quantity of marijuana. The legislation took impact on April 21, 2021.

Nevada

Assembly Bill 158: The laws revises first-time penalties for minors who possess private use portions of hashish (as much as one ounce) to group service. It additionally requires courts to robotically seal data for offenders as soon as they’ve accomplished the phrases of their sentence. The legislation took impact on October 1, 2021. Read more

New Jersey

Assembly Bill 5342: The invoice offers for a sequence of written warnings, reasonably than the imposition of both felony penalties or fines, for these beneath the age of 21 who’re discovered to be possessing hashish. The legislation took impact on February 22, 2021. Read more

back to navigationINDUSTRY


Nevada

Assembly Bill 341: This laws establishes licensing for adult-use, on-site “cannabis consumption lounges.” The invoice additionally offers for lowered license utility charges for qualifying social fairness candidates. The legislation took impact October 1, 2022. Read more

Oregon

House Bill 2519: The invoice permits licensed dispensaries to home-deliver adult-use hashish merchandise to customers 21 and older inside sure jurisdictions. The legislation took impact on September 25, 2021. Read more

South Dakota

House Bill 1203: This laws seeks to encourage native banks and credit score unions to service marijuana companies. The legislation took impact on July 1, 2021. Read more

back to navigationMISCELLANEOUS


California

Assembly Bill 45: This invoice permits the manufacturing and retail sale of food and drinks merchandise containing hemp-derived CBD. The legislation took impact on October 6, 2021.

Illinois

House Bill 88: This laws offers that individuals shall not be decided ineligible for money help offered beneath the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program solely due to conviction for a previous drug-related felony. The legislation took impact on October 30, 2021.

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