The analysis, titled “Marijuana Legalization and Rates of Crashing Under the Influence of Tetrahydrocannabinol and Alcohol,” and revealed in The American Surgeon, was carried out by researchers in New Jersey on the Hackensack University Medical Center. The medical facility checked out affected person knowledge from states that had authorized hashish, in addition to states that didn’t, and in contrast them over the interval of 12 years. The examine began in 2006 and concluded in 2018.
In order to find out these patterns, the examine regarded on the proportion of sufferers who examined constructive for THC and in contrast it to the share of sufferers who drove drunk.
From the start, the goal of the examine was to point out whether or not or not hashish incidents in automotive accidents have been completely different in states with authorized hashish. In the phrases of the examine, the aim was “to determine if statewide marijuana laws impact upon the detection of drugs and alcohol in victims of motor vehicle collisions.”
Overall, when the date was in contrast, the speed of hashish obvious in crash sufferers did enhance, however throughout the board—not simply in authorized states. Arizona, California, Ohio, Oregon, New Jersey, and Texas all skilled will increase. Also of notice, Texas, the place hashish shouldn’t be authorized, skilled the very best fee of enhance, and California and Oregon each noticed will increase on the decrease finish.
“There did not appear to be a relationship between the legalization of marijuana and the likelihood of finding THC in patients admitted after MVC (motor vehicle crash).,”the examine defined. “In fact, in Texas, where marijuana remains illegal, there was the largest change in detection of THC.”
Along with this evaluation, the authors of the examine additionally checked out adjustments in sufferers concerned in motorcar accidents with alcohol of their methods. The aim was to have a look at how hashish use and driving was impacted by hashish legalization. Overall, the examine discovered no vital change after hashish grew to become authorized in some states.
The Conclusion and Other Studies
Regarding the examine and the patterns observed, “There did not appear to be a relationship between the legalization of marijuana and the likelihood of finding THC in patients admitted after MVC (a motor vehicle crash).” The researchers got here to the conclusion that, “There was no apparent increase in the incidence of driving under the influence of marijuana after legalization. In addition, the changes in marijuana legislation did not appear to impact alcohol use.”
This was not the primary examine to have a look at the connection between hashish legalization and automotive accidents, or to attempt to decide if there’s a relationship in any respect. Some of the research carried out confirmed findings just like this one, noting a minor enhance in crashes since legalization, and others didn’t present a change in any respect.
Based on the outcomes of this examine, there isn’t any clear connection between hashish legalization and hashish use in crash victims.