Abstract

Cannabis, or marijuana, has potential therapeutic and medicinal properties associated to a number of compounds, notably Δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol.

Over the previous 25 years, attitudes towards hashish have advanced quickly, with increasing legalization of medical and leisure use at the state degree in the United States and leisure use nationally in Canada and Uruguay.

As a outcome, the consumption of hashish merchandise is growing significantly, notably amongst youth. Our understanding of the security and efficacy of hashish has been restricted by a long time of worldwide illegality and continues to be restricted in the United States by the ongoing classification of hashish as a Schedule 1 managed substance.

These shifts in hashish use require clinicians to know conflicting legal guidelines, well being implications, and therapeutic prospects. Cannabis could have therapeutic advantages, however few are cardiovascular in nature.

Conversely, a lot of the regarding well being implications of hashish embody cardiovascular ailments, though they could be mediated by mechanisms of supply.

This assertion critically critiques the use of medicinal and leisure hashish from a scientific but additionally a coverage and public well being perspective by evaluating its security and efficacy profile, notably in relationship to cardiovascular well being.

The American Heart Association makes each effort to keep away from any precise or potential conflicts of curiosity that will come up because of an out of doors relationship or a private, skilled, or enterprise curiosity of a member of the writing panel. Specifically, all members of the writing group are required to finish and submit a Disclosure Questionnaire exhibiting all such relationships that may be perceived as actual or potential conflicts of curiosity.

This assertion was accredited by the American Heart Association Science Advisory and Coordinating Committee on May 18, 2020, and the American Heart Association Executive Committee on June 22, 2020. A copy of the doc is offered at https://professional.heart.org/statements through the use of both “Search for Guidelines & Statements” or the “Browse by Topic” space. To buy further reprints, name 215-356-2721 or e-mail Meredith.Edelman@wolterskluwer.com

The American Heart Association requests that this doc be cited as follows: Page RL 2nd, Allen LA, Kloner RA, Carriker CR, Martel C, Morris AA, Piano MR, Rana JS, Saucedo JF; on behalf of the American Heart Association Clinical Pharmacology Committee and Heart Failure and Transplantation Committee of the Council on Clinical Cardiology; Council on Basic Cardiovascular Sciences; Council on Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing; Council on Epidemiology and Prevention; Council on Lifestyle and Cardiometabolic Health; and Council on Quality of Care and Outcomes Research. Medical marijuana, leisure hashish, and cardiovascular well being: a scientific assertion from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2020;142:e000–e000. doi: 10.1161/CIR.0000000000000883

The professional peer overview of AHA-commissioned paperwork (eg, scientific statements, scientific apply pointers, systematic critiques) is performed by the AHA Office of Science Operations. For extra on AHA statements and pointers growth, go to https://professional.heart.org/statements. Select the “Guidelines & Statements” drop-down menu, then click on “Publication Development.”

Permissions: Multiple copies, modification, alteration, enhancement, and/or distribution of this doc aren’t permitted with out the categorical permission of the American Heart Association. Instructions for acquiring permission are positioned at https://www.heart.org/permissions. A hyperlink to the “Copyright Permissions Request Form” seems in the second paragraph (https://www.heart.org/en/about-us/statements-and-policies/copyright-request-form).

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