A brand new examine titled Systemic assessment of hashish use and danger of occupational damage has discovered that adults who devour marijuana aren’t any extra more likely to endure accidents at work than are these staff who abstain from the substance. The examine, performed by researchers from the University of British Columbia, was printed within the journal Substance Use and Misuse.
For the examine researchers performed a scientific assessment of scientific papers assessing any potential hyperlinks between marijuana consumption and occupational accidents. They discovered that few research “employed research designs that ensured that cannabis use preceded the occupational injury outcome.” Others didn’t adequately assess or management for confounding variables, such because the concurrent use of alcohol or different psychoactive substances, as famous by NORML who first reported on the examine.
Due to those limitations, authors concluded, “[T]he current body of evidence does not provide sufficient evidence to support the position that cannabis users are at increased risk of occupational injury.”
Their discovering is in keeping with that of the National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine which performed its personal literature assessment in 2017 and concluded, “There is no or insufficient evidence to support … a statistical association between cannabis use and … occupational accidents or injuries.”
“In recent months, lawmakers in several municipalities – including New York City, Richmond, Virginia, and Washington, DC – have enacted legislation limiting the use of marijuana-specific pre-employment drug screening”, states NORML. “Both Maine and Nevada have enacted state-specific legislation barring certain employers from refusing to hire a worker solely because he or she tested positive for cannabis on a pre-employment drug screen.”
The examine’s summary is under:
Aim: A spread of nations, together with nations of the European Union, Australia, and the Americas have just lately applied or proposed reforms to how they management hashish use, thereby departing from conventional approaches of legal prohibition which have dominated all through most of the 20 th century. Given these coverage developments and the widespread international use of hashish, it’s critically necessary to know the doable dangers related to hashish use in relation to main societal harms. Methods: This systematic assessment investigates the potential hyperlink between hashish use and occupational damage. Consequently, it appraises all obtainable present literature from 5 databases, following Cochrane and PRISMA tips. Results: Seven of the 16 reviewed research present proof supporting a optimistic affiliation between hashish use and occupational damage. One examine reveals proof supporting a unfavorable affiliation and the remaining eight research present no proof of a big relation. None of the research assessed cannabis-related impairment. Only three of the reviewed research present clear proof that hashish use preceded the occupational-injury occasion. Conclusion: The present physique of proof doesn’t present ample proof to help the place that hashish customers are at elevated danger of occupational damage. Further, the examine high quality evaluation suggests vital biases within the extant literature are current because of potential confounding variables, choice of members, and measurement of exposures and outcomes. Future high-quality proof might be wanted to elucidate the relation between hashish use and occupational damage.