Chapter 1: Defining Cannabis Concentrates

Cannabis concentrates are as various as they’re potent. There are so many several types of concentrates, and yearly there’s at all times a brand new marijuana focus launched so it’s arduous to maintain all of them straight.

From kief to oils, cannabis to shatter, it may be overwhelming to think about making an attempt them, or easy methods to smoke concentrates once you aren’t even positive which is which.

So, what are concentrates?

How are hashish concentrates made?

How are concentrates, oils and extracts completely different?

How a lot do concentrates value?

What is a hashish focus?

Concentrates are created and extracted from the hashish plant, which means they’re much stronger than the flower alone. It’s vital to notice that there are solvent-based and solventless marijuana concentrates.

The hottest hashish concentrates embrace the next:

  • Kief or sift
  • Hash
  • Rosin
  • Live Resin
  • Shatter Wax
  • Crumble Wax
  • Honeycomb Wax
  • Budder or Badder 
  • Pull and Snap
  • Tinctures
  • THC Oil
  • BHO & CO2 Extract Oil
  • Rick Simpson Oil
  • Distillates, Isolates & Crystralines

What is a Dab?

A dab is a typical identify used to categorize many hashish concentrates that require a dab or oil rig to smoke it. The commonest sorts of dabs are solvent concentrates equivalent to shatter, wax, resin or sorts of hash oil.

Solvent Concentrates

Britannica defines a solvent as: a substance, ordinarily a liquid, by which different supplies dissolve to type an answer.

So as you’ll be able to see, these concentrates use a solvent so as to extract the THC, beneficial cannabinoids and terpenes from the marijuana plant.

If a focus makes use of a solvent to be created it’s known as an extract. All extracts are concentrates however not all concentrates are extracts.

Popular solvents used for extraction embrace CO2, butane, propane and ethanol. Most of those solvents are highly-flammable and have harmful penalties if not used correctly or with out correct security measures in place. These extraction processes can create concentrates with extraordinarily excessive potencies starting from 65% to 90% lively cannabinoid content material.

List of solvent concentrates

  • Shatter
  • Crumble & honeycomb
  • Budder & badder
  • Wax merchandise
  • Live Resin
  • CO2 oil
  • THC oil
  • Butane-Honey Oil (BHO)
  • Rick Simpson Oil (RSO)

 

Learn About our Denver Hash Facility Tour and Class

Check out our Colorado Hash Class & Facility Tour Combination! w/ skilled extract artist Murphy Murri. Learn about terpene profiles, rosin tech, ethanol extraction, and BHO tech with a behind the scenes tour of KrystaLeaves, extraction and manufacturing facility.

Solventless or Solvent Free Concentrates

Concentrates that require no solvent to be created are known as solventless concentrates.

These sorts of concentrates are byproducts that come straight from the hashish plant and buds themselves like kief and hash. While several types of hashish concentrates may appear to run collectively, they’re every fairly distinct and completely different.

List of solventless concentrates

  • Kief
  • Rosin
  • Bubble Hash
  • Distillates
  • Isolates & Crystalines

Chapter 2: Types of Concentrates

cannabis concentrates oils

Kief or Sift

What is Kief?

Kief, also referred to as sift, is essentially the most primary of the THC concentrates. It is a golden powder-like substance that’s left behind after bud is finely grinded up and all that’s left are the hashish flower’s trichomes.

What does kief appear to be?

Kief has a green-goldish shade.

kief-sift-concentrate
Photo credit score: Bubba Leaf

How to Make Kief

If you personal a grinder with a display and small reservoir on the backside, often called a kief catcher, you’re most likely conversant in one of these focus.

Hash

What is Hash?

Hash is often contemplate arduous pressed kief or compressed resin comprised of the bud’s trichome. There is finger hash, bubble hash and hash from the grinder. Because hash is made strictly from trichomes, it breaks aside straightforward and intensely sticky.

What does hash appear to be?

Hash has a darkish brown look.

hash-concentrate

How to Make Hash

To make hash, THC wealthy trichomes are separated from the hashish plant and condensed with excessive temperature and stress. It is very potent.

In this Leafly video, you’ll be taught the hashish craftsmanship on easy methods to make hash.

Rosin

What is Rosin?

Rosin is a sticky substance created when warmth and compression meet a bud of hashish flower. Unlike hash which is made with simply trichomes, rosin is made with your entire hashish bud.

What does rosin appear to be?

Rosin has a transparent, yellow-golden shade like shatter however stickier with extra viscosity.

How to Make Rosin

It’s as straightforward as this:

1. Put a nug folded up inside a chunk of parchment paper

2. Press it in between two scorching plates of a hair straightener for 3-5 minutes or till rosin sticks to the parchment paper

3. After it cools down, use a dab software to scrape it off and smoke.

Live Resin

What is Live Resin?

Live resins is a sticky wax-like concentrates that has extra intense terpene flavors and smells in comparison with different marijuana concentrates. The THC or CBD content material can vary from 80% to 90%, that prime.

This is as a result of reside resins are created from complete vegetation which might be cryogenically frozen proper after harvest perservings all terpenes that often misplaced throughout the drying and extraction course of.

What does reside resin appear to be?

live-resin-concentrate
Photo credit score: Viola

Weed Wax

What is Weed Wax?

Weed wax is a typical phrase that categorizes sure sorts of hashish concentrates which have a sticky, wax like textures. As the identify suggests, wax concentrates resemble the feel of candle wax.

However, wax is a really broad time period with regards to the precise sorts of wax out there to dab or smoke. Wax is used to explain shatter, crumble, honeycomb, budder and extra.

What does weed wax appear to be?

concentrates hash oil wax shatter dabs

Shatter Wax

What is Shatter Wax?

Shatter is a stable however sticky hashish focus. It usually shatters into items once you go to select up a dab.

Shatter is among the most acknowledged concentrates, is straightforward to govern and is way much less messy than different styles of concentrates or extracts.

What does Shatter appear to be?

Shatter wax resembles a honey-colored glass shard or like a tough sweet jolly rancher.

shatter-wax-concentrate
Photo credit score: Eureka Oxygen

Honeycomb Wax

What is Honeycomb Wax?

Honeycomb wax is loads like shatter besides when extracted and laid out it creates holes throughout the focus like, you guessed it, a honeycomb.

What does honeycomb wax appear to be?

Honeycomb wax is a translucent focus that has a honey-amber shade.

honeycomb-weed-wax
Photo credit score: Planet 13 Las Vegas

Crumble Wax

What is Crumble Wax?

Crumble is often used to explain wax that’s already damaged up, or crumbled, therefore the identify. Since it at all times tends to crumble, this wax is taken into account more durable to deal with and fewer well-liked than different sorts of concentrates.

What does crumble wax appear to be?

crumble-weed-wax

Budder or Badder Wax

What is Budder or Badder Wax?

Budder or badder wax has extra viscous than most waxes, which makes it gooey and may nearly be stirred. This is as a result of budder is made at the next temperature and is whipped like cake batter throughout the extraction course of which is what provides its distinctive texture and consistency.

What does budder or badder wax appear to be?

budder-badder-wax
Photo credit score: Maggies Farm Marijuana

Pull and Snap

What is Pull and Snap?

Pull and snap appears to be like similar to shatter however has a taffy-like consistency. Instead of shattering into items, pull and snap is pulled from the parchment paper, reaches a breaking level, then snaps off. It, too, is honey coloured.

Tinctures

What is a THC, CBD or Marijuana Tincture?

Tinctures make the most of decarboxylated hashish, positioned in a jar with a excessive proof alcohol like everclear. The combination is then saved for a number of weeks, strained and consumed.

It stays a liquid, however will probably be inexperienced in shade and is spiked with all the good things that has been leached out of the plant into the alcohol. However, there are a lot of trusted CBD oil and THC tinctures out there at most native dispensaries.

cbd oil tinctures

THC Oil or Hash Oil

What is THC or Hash Oil?

THC oil and hash oil names which might be generally used to categorize all sorts of oil extracts which might be produced from the hashish plant.

different types of cannabis oils

How to Make THC or Hash Oil

Hash oil or primary THC oil is made with alcohol and is produced by extracting the resin that’s within the hashish plant. The resin that’s extracted dissolves in alcohol. After that the alcohol evaporates, leaving a thick, syrupy residue which is your THC oil. The larger the THC proportion within the flower that you just use, the upper the THC within the ensuing oil.

However, it’s troublesome to make hash oil with out the right gear or area, which might be pricey. That’s why many first timers begin by making kief, bubble hash or solventless concentrates.

CBD Oil

What is CBD Oil?

CBD oils has THC and psychoactive cannabinoids eliminated leaving solely pure CBD behind. The hottest CBD oil available on the market is Charlotte’s Web, a sativa marijuana pressure.

How is CBD Oil Made?

It’s extraordinarily arduous to make pure CBD you could smoke with out the costly and crucial gear.

Commercial operations extract CBD by utilizing entire hashish and hemp vegetation, apart from the roots.

The CBD extraction course of is similar to the THC extraction course of – the one distinction is that the ensuing oil could have no THC or psychoactive qualities. Because CBD is completely authorized, making CBD oil from hemp is authorized and ends in no authorized ramifications for possession or manufacturing.

How to Make CBD Oil at Home

There are two principal methods to make CBD oil at residence. 

1. Use an oil-based solvent equivalent to olive oil, coconut oil or hemp seed oil because the solvent to tug out and extract the CBD from the plant.

2. Buy pure CBD isolate crystals or powder and make a tincture by mixing it with a coconut or MCT oil.

It’s vital to notice, for those who’re seeking to make a pure CBD oil at residence that solely has CBD lively substances, then you’ll need to buy flower that has little to NO THC content material in it, equivalent to Charlotte’s Web or hemp.

Butane/BHO Oil/Honey Oil

What is BHO or Butane Honey Oil?

BHO stands for Butane Hash Oil or typically known as Butane Honey Oil. BHO is a resin that’s extracted from the hashish plant with butane getting used because the solvent.

How to Make Butane Honey Oil (BHO)

BHO was initially made by a course of known as “blasting” or “open blasting” which is admittedly not executed commercially anymore however is commonly the trigger behind at residence manufacturing explosions.

This approach is outdated, to say the least. During the butane extraction course of, gasoline passes by a tube open at one finish, typically made from glass, chrome steel or PVC, which is full of hashish plant matter.

A low temperature, liquid butane passes over the plant matter, is collected on the different finish and crystallizes the resins within the hashish. The butane is then left to evaporate, by warmth or vacuum oven, and what’s left over is called BHO.

honey oil

It is a hazardous course of and wastes a whole lot of hashish, making it not essentially the most cost-effective strategy to create BHO both. When blasting, there isn’t any strategy to comprise the extraordinarily flammable butane – so if you find yourself open blasting any sort of ignition can create an explosion.

We won’t be going to enter element on easy methods to carry out open blasting, it’s harmful and we received’t be chargeable for passing that information alongside.

However, blasting isn’t the one strategy to make BHO. Due to the extraordinarily hazardous circumstances attributable to blasting, a brand new idea has been adopted – Closed Loop Extraction. And it isn’t simply higher as a result of it isn’t an explosive approach – there are different causes it’s superior to blasting.

In closed loop extractions, solvents are put right into a pressurized tank which is linked to an extraction tube which is the place plant supplies are saved. Leftover, or residual, solvents then acquire in a restoration tank. Solvents within the restoration tank might be saved and reused – so it’s a very sustainable course of as properly.

BHO Wax & Shatter

People are additionally debating whether or not or not consuming butane is protected. When you employ a lighter to gentle a bong, pipe, joint or cigarette – you’re inhaling hint quantity of butane…however there has not been sufficient analysis executed to say if butane consumption is creating long-lasting well being hazards or not. Buyer beware.

CO2 Oil

What is CO2 Oil?

Supercritical fluid extraction of SFE is the popular course of for CO2 Oil extractions. What is Supercritical Fluid Extraction? During this course of, elements are separated utilizing Carbon Dioxide or CO2.

CO2 Oil Extraction Process

The phrase supercritical performs in as a result of in chemistry, “supercritical” means “any substance at a temperature and pressure above its critical point, where distinct liquid and gas phases do not exist.” In this supercritical state, the product is ready to be damaged down and separated.

Only then is it in a position to go over hashish plant matter and dissolve the membrane of trichomes and separate substances. CO2 extraction is able to extracting THCA, CBD, CBG and THCV to call a number of. CO2 extractions may separate terpenes and different very important compounds in hashish.

The enriched CO2 solvent is then handed into one other tank, a pressurized separation vessel, and altering pressures and temperatures are used to finish the method of separation. Remaining CO2 is restabilized right into a gasoline and as we stated above, typically reused.

Even the FDA acknowledged Supercritical CO2 extractions as protected for industrial extractions – not in hashish in fact, however for different botanical merchandise and such.

Rick Simpson Oil (RSO)

What is Rick Simpson Oil?

When correctly made, Rick Simpson oil is a thicker liquid than a tincture, however viscous sufficient to not be a stable both. It is extra popularly utilized in a pre-filled vape pen and can be positioned inside capsules for oral ingestion.

RSO is straightforward peasy to make at residence by yourself and isn’t an excessive amount of completely different than making cannabutter or different hashish oils.

Simpson’s suggestion is to make use of indica strains solely, however a affected person can use whichever pressure they like. Visit Leafly for the total recipe and course of.

Distillate

What is a Marijuana Distillate?

A distillate is a refined, or distilled, model of a hashish extract. After extraction, the distillate is run by a purification course of a number of occasions. The result’s a liquid, clarified distillate, very similar to honey in shade and consistency.

Distillation is used within the alcohol trade to take away methanol and ethanol utilized in alcohol manufacturing. It is the method used to separate compounds by using their distinctive boiling factors.

During this course of, hashish oils are purified by heating cannabinoids to their boiling level. The ensuing cannabinoid-rich vapor is condensed and picked up – whereas residual solvents, chlorophyll and different undesirable plant matter are left behind.

This does take away most if not all the terpenes in hashish oil, nonetheless, because the temperatures are too excessive for the terpenes to outlive the method.

With that stated, producers at the moment are taking part in with the re-introduction or terpenes to the oil after the method. The distillation technique might be repeated a number of occasions so as to produce the purest product potential.

Isolates & Crystallines

What are hashish isolates and crystallines?

Isolates and crystallines are the purest types of focus available on the market. There are lab-tested THC or CBD isolates which have 99.9% lively cannabinoid contents in them. 

In order for it to be pure isolate, the THC or CBD have to be extracted and remoted from all different cannabinoids. This means, throughout the extraction course of all terpenes, flavonoids, fat, and different marijuana content material is totally eliminated. 

After your entire extraction takes place, all that continues to be are pure isolate crystals which seem as a crystalline powder. Since all different solvents and cannabinoids are eliminated, isolates are inclined to don’t have any shade, taste or aroma.

What do isolates appear to be?

cbd-isolates-crystalline
Photo credit score: EcoGen Labs

Chapter 3: Cannabis Concentrates & Extracts Prices

What is the worth of a hashish extract? Well, it relies upon. We are going to be speaking averages right here as a result of nailing down a common worth isn’t lifelike.

So you might need seen it go for extra, you might need paid much less in some unspecified time in the future – however for the sake of placing a mean quantity on it, these are the costs we found by analysis.

Concentrates priced at $20-$35 a gram

Kief, Hash & Wax Prices

At this worth level, you will get a gram of kief, hash or wax. Research from a whole bunch of dispensaries present that $20 to $25 a gram appears a reasonably common for kief costs.

However, you COULD simply buy a grinder with kief catcher and acquire your individual. Bubble hash might be round $30 a gram, however hash that’s chemically extracted product can value as much as $100 a gram.

As for wax costs, you’ll be able to anticipate to pay round $30 a gram, relying on the wax you’re selecting.

Concentrates priced at $40-$55 a gram

Rosin, Shatter & Oil Prices

For about $40 to $55, you will get your self a gram of rosin, shatter, pull and snap, 250-500 mgs of hashish oil or 32 ml of tincture. Depending on the standard and model of rosin, you could possibly pay a mean of $45 a gram.

An common value for high quality shatter is about $40 a gram. Pull and snap can vary between $30-$50, or a mean of $40 per gram. A vape pen cartridge full of hashish oil might be anyplace from $30-$60. If you need hash oil you’ll be taking a look at round $50 per gram.

Pure THC Oil

Pure THC oil might be purchased as a tincture, however your aren’t going to be shopping for a gram of tincture as a result of it’s a liquid and will probably be measured in milliliters. Thirty-two ml tincture of pure THC oil will probably be worth at $50 to $60.

Concentrates priced at $100-$200 a gram

Distillate, Isolates & Crystalline costs

Yes, this sounds a bit loopy, however each distillate and crystalline will value a reasonably penny. Users want to make use of a lot much less at a time than different concentrates to really feel results, each of those merchandise ought to final you for a while.

Because of its top quality and excessive efficiency, distillate can go for as much as $120 a gram! Wowzers!

However, maintain an eye fixed out as a result of costs for distillate have been dropping and it may be discovered for $50 a gram, typically even as little as $20 – although you would possibly wish to query the purity and high quality of such low cost product.

For a gram of crystalline will probably be anyplace from $100-$200 for one gram, as a result of once more, the top quality and excessive THC efficiency are going to value you.

Article Recap:

  • Cannabis concentrates are created and extracted from the hashish plant, which means they’re much stronger than the flower alone.
  • There are two principal sorts of concentrates solvent-based and solventless concentrates.
  • Solvent-based concentrates makes use of a liquid, gasoline or sort of solvent to extract cannabinoids from the marijauna vegetation. Solvent-based concentrates embrace: shatter, crumble, honeycomb, wax merchandise and range of extract marijuana oils.
  • Solventless or solvent free concentrates are byproducts from the hashish vegetation and buds. Solventless concentrates embrace: kief, rosin, hash, distillates, isolates and crystallines.

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