Here are some ceaselessly requested questions generally related to breeding..

Depending in your finish aim, a small sized plant can produce as much as 500 seeds per plant and a bigger sized plant can produce 1000-3000. One mistake first time breeders make is to pollinate a complete plant even when they solely need to develop some tester first era seeds. Some nice recommendation is to solely pollinate a decrease department or the bottom components of your crop to retain small numbers. If you’ve gotten the clones of the mom and father, then until you need to go for gold and run huge numbers, It is a good suggestion to make smaller sized runs of 50-100. By rising these out you’ll know the way stable the vegetation are and if you’re taking place the precise street. If you might be on the stage the place the progeny is price reproducing, then a Sea of Green arrange utilizing clones can create a superb harvest of seeds. What Is The Difference Between F1 and F2?

This merely refers back to the era of the lineage. F1 stands for first era and can symbolize the closest genetic level of the unique parental line. Seeds which might be grown from F1 would be the most uniform and dependable to develop on a big business scale. F2 seeds will symbolize the second line from the preliminary dad and mom. Here you’ll find all the largely desired traits in addition to the largely undesired traits. This generally is a good spot to pheno hunt and sometimes some extent the place breeders will again cross the remoted pheno again to the daddy plant. It is debatable the place the very best vegetation might be discovered between F1 to F8 however relies on what the top demand is.

On paper some strains can look superb and writing up all the brand new names to go together with them solely pushes your enthusiasm additional. There are, nevertheless, sure issues to think about earlier than popping seeds or ordering the most recent and best clones. One factor that always brings hybrid vigor collectively is when the mom and father plant share a number of the similar traits. Leaf sample, development construction, aroma and style, flowering time, wind resistance, mould resistance, capacity to struggle pathogens, sturdy rooting and cloning components ought to all be considered. Try matching some strains collectively based mostly on these factors above and from my expertise these strains will produce essentially the most uniform and steady offspring. Why Do

This can occur and generally might be a sign of a foul cross. I’ve had seeds that have been taken from two stud vegetation and sadly didn’t germinate and in the event that they did they grew very poorly. When this occurs it could actually have you ever scratching your head and going again to the pad and paper determining what went unsuitable. Every single plant is totally different and can produce totally different seeds. There might be components equivalent to how far bred have been the unique parental strains? Were there any points through the flowering stage equivalent to warmth stress or energy cuts? Did the seeds get sufficient time to totally develop? Was the male used the problem? Finding out what brought on dangerous seeds is as a lot the enjoyable as making a cup successful hybrid. Breeding is a critical studying curve about endurance, nature and timing.

To take a male plant discovered from common seeds after which to pollen chuck on to a stud feminine, from a stable feminized line will produce nice, viable seeds. To develop out the F1 seeds from the feminized plant will throw out some nice offspring, nevertheless for breeding with it may be very restricted. Really utilizing common seeds to make your first era line with is a should. If your plans are to feminize the feminine and make your individual feminine line of seeds, you continue to ought to work from the common inventory. Feminized seeds are nice for big scale farming and producing flower, however not the very best for breeding with.

Will The Male Or Female Traits Be More Prevalent In My F1?

It is difficult to say which plant will present extra dominant traits. Working with male and females can at all times produce totally different outcomes. This is the place phenotypes shall be discovered and, upon inspection, particular traits shall be extra noticeable. If you’ve gotten crossed Amnesia Haze with O.G Kush and your F1 strains are throwing out nothing however Amnesia phenotypes, then working the O.G in or working the Amnesia out would require additional pheno looking and extra work. Some strains will match up very nicely and posses true hybrid vigor. They can supply a brand new taste, aroma, have an effect on, development construction, bug resistance, pathogen resistance and so forth. Learning which of your vegetation have the very best progeny takes time.

Before making your seeds, it is best to take into account a good suggestion of what your finish consequence shall be. It appears that a lot of the modern-day breeders are making the names earlier than the pressure, which isn’t at all times the case with nature. There are a number of components that may be thought-about and people are enhancing yield, growing or reducing flowering time, plant resistance to pathogens and bugs, flower construction, terpene profile, aroma and taste, cannabinoid profile, CBD content material, wind resistance, cloning capacity and outside efficiency. Perhaps you develop outside and want one thing that may take excessive winds, chilly and moist situations and completed early within the 12 months; maybe you need to make a pressure that’s totally completed in 7 weeks and can be utilized commercially. Have a consider what it’s you actually need to deliver ahead after which work from there.

Finding elite males to work with is simpler stated than completed. Breeders will undergo a whole lot of males over their time, nevertheless discovering the one is a time consuming course of. Some breeders might use a number of males on one choose feminine, then once more different breeders might discover utilizing one stud male on totally different feminine phenotypes can produce the very best lineage. If you might be utilizing just one male and one feminine it could actually prohibit the variation of the F1 to a point. I’m not saying you’ll have a foul line of seeds however utilizing a number of totally different males at all times deliver out one thing further to work from. Especially if you’re searching for a sure trait to come back by means of, however that’s simply my private opinion.

If you’ve gotten ever heard this time period and never fairly understood its which means, it principally tells you that the road was crossed again. By utilizing the unique male and pollinating a feminine from the F1 strains, the brand new seedlings shall be classed as a again cross or BX. This is finished to lock in stability and preserve the offspring as near the unique parental line as doable. It can imply typically dominating the plant with the male traits as soon as once more, however so far as stability and total expression of the vegetation, the outcomes shall be excellent. On the premise the breeder has not go the unique male any extra, then a again cross isn’t doable and the one choice is to create F2 seeds.

The reply right here is sure. Pollen is tiny and will get in all places so cleansing out the tent with bleach is suggested. Make positive you get in each nook and each gaps. Once pollen turns into moist it’s not energetic. If you don’t clear out your develop tent, you could discover pollen continues to be hooked up to the carbon filter, tent poles and on the ground. Female vegetation solely want very small quantities of pollen to pollinate a complete plant, so bear this in thoughts earlier than making an attempt one other breeding challenge. If you might be utilizing a number of tents and isolating a number of totally different female and male vegetation, then ensuring that there is no such thing as a cross contamination from both tent is crucial.

There might be an variety of causes for vegetation to show a variation in phenotypes and traits. If your F1 strains are throwing out both one phenotype or the opposite then that is to be anticipated and additional work might be completed in a sure course, based mostly in your intentions. If your vegetation nevertheless are displaying critical variation and never in a desired approach, it might be right down to the preliminary lineage being over labored earlier than hand. There is an organization named Phylos Bioscience who’re in a position to distinguish from DNA testing, how steady a spread is, how interbred it has been, how distinctive it’s in comparison with their current DNA galaxy and what progeny might be anticipated if crossed. Really fascinating stuff and an entire sport changer for all breeders.

If you make giant seed runs and goal to tug of hundreds and hundreds, then an open pollination is one of the best ways. Using one male and mass producing the identical genetic inventory on a business farming scale is a case of strolling by means of the backyard with the male and permitting its pollen to journey across the vegetation and to be carried by means of the air. A extremely nice tip is use a small paint brush and to fastidiously apply the pollen to every chosen department. Of course, that is extra sensible on a small scale manufacturing nevertheless it has many advantages: one is you could pollinate solely the chosen flowering websites, with out hammering all the plant; you can too efficiently pollinate the identical feminine with totally different male vegetation in the identical sitting with the paint brush technique.

A mislabeled clone right here and a mislabeled clone there can find yourself pulling the handbrake on a breeding program. I’ve heard many tales about misplaced clones and mislabeled mums. Carefully label up all of your vegetation and tie the label across the base so it can not come off. If labeling pots guarantee that they firmly keep on and if utilizing felt pots, both depart a plastic label within the pot or tie a label round the primary stem. Breeding is about being meticulous and disciplined is what makes a breeder nice. Title web page picture by Barry. Other photos courtesy of Professor Lee and Green Candy Press.

Written and Published By Stoney Tark in Weed World Magazine Issue 141

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